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General Information   

 Bulgaria is one of the oldest European States with 20-century-old history and traditions. Modern Bulgaria is situated in Southeastern Europe, in the Balkan Peninsula – a busy crossroad of ancient cultures.
For centuries, the roads passing through the territory of the country have been connecting Europe with Asia and Africa. Four common European transport corridors, connecting West and North Europe with the eastern and southern part of the continent, cross their roads here.
Bulgaria is also known for its picturesque nature and rich cultural heritage. According to the statistics, the country ranks third in Europe only after Greece and Italy for the number of its valuable archeological monuments.

On this page, you will find general information about the country: history, state structure, economy and the national symbols.

General Information

 
Territory 110 993,6 km2
Population7 973 671
Capital
Sofia (1 173 811 inhabitants)
Official languageBulgarian
Political system
Parliamentary Republic
Head of StateRosen Plevneliev
Prime MinisterBoyko Borissov 
  
Administrative regionsSofia – city, Sofia district, Burgas, Varna, Plovdiv,
Ruse, Haskovo, Lovech, Montana, Sliven, Yambol,
Dobrich, Silistra, Shumen, Gabrovo, Pleven, Vidin,
Vratsa, Veliko Tarnovo, Pazardzhik, Smolyan, Razgrad,
Targovishte, Blagoevgrad, Pernik, Kardzali, Stara Zagora
  
Official holidaysJanuary 1st – New Years’s Holiday;
March 3d – National Holiday (National Liberation from the Ottoman domination);
Easter, and the first Monday after Easter;
May 1st – Labour Day;
May 6th – Gergyovden, and the Bulgarian Military Army’s Day;
May 24th – Cyril and Methodius Day;
September 6th – Unification Day;
September 22d – Independence Day;
November 1st  - National Day of the Bulgarian Revival Leaders;
December 24,25,26 – Christmas Days;
  
National currencyLev
Measures and scalesMetric system
Time zoneGMT +2
  
Demographic data: (01.03.2001)Population                             7 973 671
Women                                  4 085 231
Population in towns            5 500 695
Population growth                (%)  –5,1
Employed                              3 272 200